Urine Color can be used to diagnose a number of health problems, including Liver disease, Kidney disease and Urinary Tract Infection.

Our urine play a key role in our health. Indeed, its color has been a useful tool for diagnosis since time immemorial. Normal urine color ranges from pale yellow to deep amber — the result of a pigment called urochrome.

Pigments and other compounds in certain foods and medications can change the urine color. Beets and berries are foods most likely to affect urine color. Many over-the-counter and prescription medications also give urine vivid tones, such as red, yellow or greenish blue.

  • Normal urine color varies, depending on how much water you drink. Fluids dilute the yellow pigments in urine, so the more you drink, the clearer your urine looks. When you drink less, the color becomes more concentrated.
  • Severe dehydration can produce urine, the color of amber.

But urine can turn colors far beyond what is normal, including red, blue, green, dark brown and cloudy white. Human urine has been a useful tool of diagnosis since the earliest days of medicine. The color, density and smell of urine can reveal much about the state of our health.

What Color is your Pee?

Pee is your body’s liquid waste, mainly made of water, salt, and chemicals called urea and uric acid. Your kidneys make it when they filter toxins and other bad stuff from your blood. A bunch of things in your body, like medications, foods, and illnesses can affect how yours turns out.

If everything is normal and healthy, the color should be a pale yellow to gold.

The shade; light or dark, also changes. If it has no color at all, that may be because you’ve been drinking a lot of water or taking a drug called a diuretic, which helps your body get rid of fluid. Very dark honey- or brown-colored urine could be a sign that you’re dehydrated and need to get more fluids right away. It may also be a warning sign of liver problems.


Other unusual colors that may show up:

Pink or red: Some foods like carrots, blackberries and beets can give your pee a pinkish-red color. This can also be a side effect of medications like the antibiotic rifampicin or a drug for urinary tract infections.

Orange: When your pee is the color of a citrus-flavored soft drink, it’s probably because of medications like high-dose vitamin B2, the UTI drug or an antibiotic. Depending on the color, it could also be a sign that you’re dehydrated or that there’s a problem with your liver or bile duct. You should ask your doctor about it.

Blue or green: These hues are probably due to dyes in your food or medicationss you have taken, like anesthetic or the allergy/asthma medicine. A few rare medical conditions can also turn pee into green or blue, so, let your doctor know if the color doesn’t go away after a short time.

Foamy: No matter the color it is, you should check in with your doctor if it consistently looks foamy and frothy. It may be a sign you have protein in your urine, which may mean you have issues with your kidneys.

How does your urine smell?

Pee doesn’t usually have a strong smell. But some foods can change the odor. So can vitamin B-6 supplements. When you are dehydrated and your pee gets very concentrated, it can smell strongly of ammonia.

It doesn’t always mean there’s a problem, but it can be a sign of kidney disease, a UTI, prostate problems or a tumor.

Let’s face it, most of us do not give much thought to our pee before we flush it out of sight. But the basic details of your urine – color, smell and frequency of your urination can give you a hint about what’s going on inside your body.

Any time you see a change in your pee that doesn’t seem linked to new medications or a recent meal – especially if the change lasts more than a day or so, or if it comes with a fever, back or side pain or discharge, pay your doctor a visit!


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